2021 Clare Castle excavations

The 2021 re-excavation of Trench 6

We have just embarked on our final season of digging at Clare Castle, on behalf of the Clare Castle Country Park Trust, and have an ambitious programme ahead of us, including the excavation of two large trenches, one smaller hand-dug trench and some test pits.  We have a large contingent of volunteers all raring to…
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Fascinating archaeological finds in east Hertfordshire

Our work the A120 Little Hadham Bypass and Flood Alleviation scheme have revealed an intriguing insight into a 2000-year-old lost settlement. The excavations were carried out over the summer and autumn months of 2019, in preparation for the construction of the new A120 route around the Hertfordshire village of Little Hadham. Geophysical surveys were initially…
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Everyday objects from Clare Castle

Fig 3. Iron Padlock key

Our excavations at Clare Castle in 2018 and 2019, on behalf of the Clare Castle Country Park Trust, recovered an assemblage of finds that help us envisage life at the castle in the medieval period, and also give a glimpse of the character of the settlement that preceded it. Both seasons of work produced considerable…
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Weaving in the Iron Age


Evidence of daily life in Wiltshire during the Middle Iron Age (400 BC – 100 BC) has been recently uncovered by Cotswold Archaeology.  Most finds recovered from recent excavations at a site near Ludgershall Castle are pottery vessels used in the preparation and cooking of foodstuffs, but other objects made of clay were also discovered.…
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Two thousand years of development in Gloucester’s Greater Blackfriars area

Recording the remains of Roman barracks at Ladybellegate Street in 1989. The Roman remains lay at depth, covered by a medieval graveyard and later remains

The importance of archaeological archives Excavations within Gloucester have a long history of providing exciting archaeological discoveries but, once excavated, most of these remains survive only as archaeological archives and within publications. Creating a secure archive from these excavations is essential if we want to apply new ways and techniques to analyse these materials and…
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Archaeological Excavations at Main Road, Kelsale, 2020

Medieval bone tuning peg from a musical instrument

The remains of part of a medieval farm were found during excavations by Cotswold Archaeology in 2020 on the west side of Main Road in Kelsale. The site, on a shallow east-facing slope overlooking the River Fromus, was pasture at the time of digging. The work was undertaken as a requirement on the planning conditions…
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2021 Excavations at Clare Castle, Suffolk

Volunteers excavating at Clare Castle in 2018

After the disruption of Covid in 2020, we are at last able to plan a third and final season of excavation at Clare Castle in Suffolk, which we hope can take place between mid-September and early October later this year. In 2018, Clare Castle Country Park Trust received a Heritage Lottery Fund grant to help…
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Burwell: a medieval settlement on the edge of the Cambridgeshire fens

A medieval seal matrix and seal rings: evidence for commercial activity on the fen island

We have recently finished digging a small medieval settlement site on the western side of Burwell in Cambridgeshire. Burwell lies on the eastern edge of the East Anglian fens and was founded on one of a number of small sand islands that formed dry, slightly higher areas within the generally marshy and seasonally flooded fenland,…
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Mesolithic Cave Burial System Identified from Human Remains

Right facial bones today compared with the original photograph before the calcareous deposit was removed

The exciting results of early Mesolithic radiocarbon dates on human bones from the cave at Cannington Quarry are now published in the Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, Volume 28 (3). Cotswold Archaeology (CA) previously reported the discovery of an entirely new Mesolithic cave burial site in Somerset, through our work on the…
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SLAM scanning for tree-covered earthworks

Dinas Powys Hillfort: Next filter pass, filtering out the final bits of tree (tree points in grey)

The problem Trees. They can frustrate even the most patient of surveyors. They block horizontal sight-lines for total stations, prevent vertical line-of-sight from your GPS to satellites, and have claimed many a 50m tape. You could commission a LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) flight to cover the area you want to survey, but this could…
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Geomatics and Archaeology

A person surveying a ditch with a GPS

The capture, processing, analysis and presentation of geospatial data Measured survey GPS At Cotswold Archaeology we use Leica Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments to capture spatial information for site plans and earthwork surveys. Digital measured survey complements hand-drawn and written records to form part of the primary site archive. It allows for accurate site plans…
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Structure-from-Motion: Photogrammetry at CA

At Cotswold Archaeology we use photogrammetry to create measured, textured 3D models at a wide range of scales, from recording small objects such as grave goods to entire landscapes using drone technology. This technique provides powerful visual results for our clients and for you, the public. Many of our models are uploaded to Sketchfab where…
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