Redcliff Quarter Phase 2

Archaeologists from Cotswold Archaeology and Oxford Archaeology are now working with developer, Redcliff MCC LLP, on Phase 2 of the Redcliff Quarter Development. We are focusing on five key areas. With excavations in Areas A to C completed, we have revealed:

Phase 2 mapArea A: here we found the remains of medieval and Post-medieval buildings and walls, as well as gardens and a gravel path. Industrial structures, possibly bases for dye-vat or tanning pits, were also discovered in the backyards of the buildings.

Area B: the north part of this area was not initially built on during the establishment of the suburb of Redcliffe in the early 12th century. Instead, large cess pits were excavated, which contained human waste and other materials, including leather shoes and wooden objects. A late medieval, high-status stone building was later built on elaborate arched supports across the cess pit area. The building later had a decorative tiled floor.

Area C: the main discovery in this area is the 12th century Law Ditch. We have discovered that the majority of earlier ditches marking out plot boundaries on St Thomas and Redcliff Street also acted as drains, feeding into the Law Ditch. Originally just a ditch, it was later replaced by a stone-built culvert, which in its final phase had a ceramic pipe inserted.

banner for Redcliff Phase 2

Area D: in this small area, we found a succession of hearths or dye-vat bases, dating from the early 13th to the late 14th century.

Area E: here we explored several tenements, with building remains across the periods. We found the very rear of early 12th century wooden buildings, with ditches and pits behind. A higher-status stone structure was built across two of the plots, with a dendrochronological date of 1215 from a timber in the foundation. There was further rebuilding in the early post-medieval period, and we also recorded the remains of an industrial site, probably a 19th century enamelled slate works.

 

base of a dye vat
The base of a dye vat
The medieval Law Ditch and later stone culvert
The medieval Law Ditch and later stone culvert

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